Understanding Behavior Issues
Sometimes, it can be hard to understand where a student's behavioral issues are coming from. The ABC model allows for a relatively simple method of collecting data that can offer insight into confusing behaviors. Oftentimes, this data can be collected with the student themselves after they are calm.
A = Antecedent. What could have been a trigger for the behavior, including environmental and biological factors. Consider, sleep, nutrition, and sensory stimuli. Change in routine can be an antecedent.
B = Behavior. What is the target behavior in question? Describe it in detail, objectively.
C = Consequences. This does not mean only punishment. It means, 'what is the outcome of the behavior?' What happened as a result, positive, negative and neutral.
In my own practice of this model with my son, I added in a 'D.'
D = Did well. It helped me (and my son) to keep track of what he did well, both for his own self esteem and for my understanding of his progress. I could see him slowly internalizing ways to calm down and avoid problematic behaviors.
Read more about Understanding the Antecedent Behavior Consequences Model.
Core Competencies: self awareness, self management, social awareness